The 2018 Nobel Prize was announced this month and brought exciting science news. We select infographics to help you understand the research of the winners of Medicine, Chemistry and Physics. The infographics were made by Compound Interest, a platform to improve chemistry communication.
Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018 was awarded jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”
Allison studied a protein that functions as a brake on the immune system. He realized the potential of releasing the brake and thereby unleashing our immune cells to attack tumors. He then developed this concept into a brand new approach for treating patients.
In parallel, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein on immune cells and revealed that it also operates as a brake, but with a different mechanism of action.
Therefore, Allison and Honjo showed how different strategies for inhibiting the brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 was divided, one half awarded to Frances H. Arnold “for the directed evolution of enzymes”, the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies.”
This year’s Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have been inspired by the power of evolution and used the same principles – genetic change and selection – to develop proteins that solve mankind’s chemical problems.
Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 was awarded “for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics” with one half to Arthur Ashkin “for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems”, the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.”
Congratulations to the winners! The Nobel Prize is a way to recognize great researchers and to make science reach the general public as well.
Also, you can improve your communication in science too. We publish tutorials to improve presentations and graphical abstracts and the best science news. Keep up to date on science with us!